[Openid-specs-ab] Single Sign-On is dead on iOS 11

Chuck Mortimore cmortimore at salesforce.com
Fri Jun 16 21:28:55 UTC 2017

Yes...yes it does :)

- cmort

On Jun 16, 2017, at 1:59 PM, George Fletcher <gffletch at aol.com> wrote:

Sounds a bit like the original "Native Apps" OIDF working group flow:)

On 6/14/17 3:01 PM, Chuck Mortimore wrote:

Hi Chris

In current state, we have an option to switch to mobile safari on a
per-customer basis.  When our apps boot, if configured with a tenant
specific URL, they load metadata from a .well-known endpoint which controls
this behavior.   PKCE is used to secure callbacks over custom scheme URIs.

We're currently working on adding the ability to specify a custom scheme to
act as the IDP, as well as specific software in our mobile SDKs to deal
with the handleOpenURL calls.   Essentially an SP app reads metadata,
switches to IDP app, which uses it's session to initiate the OAuth flow for
the SP app.  Once approved a custom scheme redirect_uri switches back to
the SP app which completes the OAuth flow (PKCE verified)

On Wed, Jun 14, 2017 at 11:10 AM, Chris Phillips <Chris.Phillips at canarie.ca>

> Hi Chuck,
> Yes, please share. Definitely interested in understanding the approach
> particularly the scaling aspects of the technique.
> As an operator of a national federation that participates worldwide with
> thousands of IdPs[1]  it's helpful to understand how portable the approach
> is.
> Thanks!
> C
> [1]  https://technical.edugain.org/status
> From: Openid-specs-ab <openid-specs-ab-bounces at lists.openid.net> on
> behalf of Chuck Mortimore via Openid-specs-ab <
> openid-specs-ab at lists.openid.net>
> Reply-To: Chuck Mortimore <cmortimore at salesforce.com>
> Date: Wednesday, June 14, 2017 at 1:40 PM
> To: George Fletcher <gffletch at aol.com>
> Cc: "openid-specs-ab at lists.openid.net Ab" <openid-specs-ab at lists.openid.
> net>
> Subject: Re: [Openid-specs-ab] Single Sign-On is dead on iOS 11
> We're proceeding with an implementation that allows us to target mobile
> safari or a registered mobile app as the IDP.  Perhaps a little closer to
> earlier drafts.  Happy to share our plans if anyone is interested.
> On Wed, Jun 14, 2017 at 8:09 AM, George Fletcher via Openid-specs-ab <
> openid-specs-ab at lists.openid.net> wrote:
>> However, if the user is using iCloud keychain, then their credentials
>> should be filled in for the user so not too bad. The issue, is that if
>> account is using 2FA the user will have to do the 2FA dance for every app.
>> That could be a pain.
>> Thanks,
>> George
>> On 6/13/17 5:57 PM, Justin Richer via Openid-specs-ab wrote:
>> This has nothing to do with OIDC’s session management, but rather
>> sessions in the browser itself. From what I understand, the per-app silos
>> would prevent the OP from knowing it’s the same user coming in from
>> different apps, since they wouldn’t have access to the session and cookie
>> jar. So the UX degrades rather poorly as the user is prompted to log in
>> separately to their identity provider (with primary credentials) from every
>> single app.
>>  — Justin
>> On Jun 13, 2017, at 5:40 PM, rich levinson via Openid-specs-ab <
>> openid-specs-ab at lists.openid.net> wrote:
>> Hi Nat, et al,
>> I am not sure I understand why this situation should cause anything to
>> "break".
>> Let me explain my view of this situation, in the context of general
>> session mgmt,
>> which is the following:
>> In the "OpenID Connect Session Management 1.0" spec:
>>     http://openid.net/specs/openid-connect-session-1_0.html
>>  it says:
>> "In OpenID Connect, the session at the RP typically starts
>>  when the RP validates the End-User's ID Token.
>>   ...
>> When the OP supports session management, it MUST also return the Session State
>>  as an additional session_state parameter in the Authentication Response.
>>   ...
>> This parameter is:
>>     session_state
>>      Session State.
>>      JSON [RFC7159] string that represents the End-User's login state at the OP.
>>      It MUST NOT contain the space (" ") character.
>>      This value is opaque to the RP.
>>      This is REQUIRED if session management is supported.
>> The Session State value is initially calculated on the server."
>> This indicates that the OP has knowledge of the End-User's login state at
>> the OP.
>> However, this login state is independent of the "session at the RP",
>> which is
>> created when the client app (RP) rcv's the identity token which, in the
>> protocol,
>> is well after the End-User logged in at the OP.
>> Later in the spec, section 5, it is also stated that:
>> "5.  RP-Initiated Logout
>> An RP can notify the OP that the End-User has logged out of the site and
>>  might want to log out of the OP as well.
>> In this case, the RP, after having logged the End-User out of the RP,
>>  redirects the End-User's User Agent to the OP's logout endpoint URL.
>> This URL is normally obtained via the end_session_endpoint element
>>  of the OP's Discovery response or may be learned via other mechanisms."
>> This basically confirms the supposition above that the OP login and the
>> RP session are
>> effectively independent entities.
>> Now, let's consider the case where a 2nd RP decides to start a session w
>> the same End-User,
>> presumably, a 2nd RP on the same device where the 1st RP established a
>> session.
>> When the 2nd RP sends the Authentication Request to the OP's /authorize
>> endpoint,
>> it seems obvious to me that the OP knows the End-User is logged in and
>> would have
>> no problem issuing a 2nd id-token to the 2nd RP, w/o re-logging in the
>> End-User.
>> Assuming this is the case, then I do not understand why ios-11, by
>> "siloing" the apps
>> prevents the OP from issuing new id-tokens to each app, all under the
>> original
>> OP-login by the End-User.
>> Am I missing something?
>>   Thanks,
>>   Rich
>> On 6/12/2017 8:04 PM, Nat Sakimura via Openid-specs-ab wrote:
>> Maybe we can call upon the privacy community as well raising the voice
>> that this is very bad for privacy.
>> I wonder what is the privacy enhancement they have in mind.
>> On Fri, Jun 9, 2017 at 2:34 AM 'Iain McGinniss' via OIDF Account Chooser
>> list <oidf-account-chooser-list at googlegroups.com> wrote:
>>> Hello all,
>>> Just to bring this to your attention: Apple has essentially killed
>>> single sign-on for native apps in iOS 11. Changes made to
>>> SFSafariViewController (used by AppAuth, and the recommended mechanism for
>>> federated login by Apple) now mean that browser state is partitioned per
>>> app, so there is no way for an existing authentication in the browser to be
>>> reused by an app.
>>> This fundamentally breaks an important part of OpenID Connect - users
>>> will now need to re-authenticate with their IDP in every app that they use.
>>> There is still time to provide feedback to Apple on this change, though
>>> they have been discussing this change in terms of "enhancing privacy" and
>>> I'd be very surprised if they change tack now.
>>> Iain
>>> --
>>> ---
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>>> .
>> --
>> Nat Sakimura
>> Chairman of the Board, OpenID Foundation
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